Indian Mound Used as Backfill for Alabama Sam’s Club

Uxmal (note rounded corners)

Uxmal (note rounded corners)

Again and again the patrimony of the world falls beneath the advance of human civilization.  Despite the University of Alabama’s Office of Archaeological Research ( ) and the The Center for Archaeological Studies at the University of South Alabama ( it remains unclear whether or not the state patrimony of Alabama (  has any protection at all. 

Not that this is a rare occurrence. As I navigate the web in search of articles of anthropological interest it seems that the days of the wild west are still here.  In the Yucatán, Belize, and Brazil, private and public agents await the dark of night or bureaucratic indifference to destroy a heritage that cannot be replaced, but this is only a part of the story.

Private and commercial interests have long conducted a scorched earth policy for oil, mineral, and industrial purposes.  Some, like the Belo Monte dam in Brazil may have some argument along the line of an overbearing national interest while others, like mining the Andes for gold at 17,000 ft and letting the cyanide, mercury, and tailings flow down into the watershed to pollute the water of downstream indigenous villages before flowing into the Atlantic or Pacific.

The most efficient way to mine coal in West Virginia and other areas is to just cut off the top of the mountain containing the coal and dump it into the adjoining valley: everything goes downhill.  The unconscionable thing is that the miners move on.  They move on to the Great Boreal Forest and scrape the land when it the freeze ends.  They will move on again to take short-term at the expense of our grandchildren’s toxic land remediation.  The land begs for moderation. 

Our cultural heritage is what remains of our past and what the past can teach us.  George Santayana ha observed that: “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”  Some people have never heard of Santayana – or the sentiment.  He also wrote: “My atheism, like that of Spinoza, is true piety towards the universe and denies only gods fashioned by men in their own image, to be servants of their human interests.”  – Carlos

Oxford taxpayers fund demolition of Indian mound

Hill’s dirt to be used as fill for new Sam’s Club

AlabamaMoundDestruction  The Associated Press, By Dan Whisenhunt, The Anniston Star, Published: Sunday, July 5, 2009 at 3:30 a.m., Last Modified: Saturday, July 4, 2009 at 10:49 p.m.

OXFORD | A stone mound on a hill behind the Oxford Exchange created by American Indians 1,500 years ago will soon disappear. And whether Oxford’s taxpayers wanted it or not, they paid for its destruction.

Workers hired by the city’s Commercial Development Authority are using the dirt from the hill as fill for a new Sam’s Club. The project has angered American Indians who, along with a Jacksonville State University archaeology professor, say the site could contain human remains.  Oxford Mayor Leon Smith and City Project Manager Fred Denney say it was used to send smoke signals.

The city’s CDA uses taxpayer money and assets to lure commercial businesses. The $2.6 million no-bid CDA contract for preparing the Sam’s site went to Oxford-based Taylor Corp. That money came from the sale of city property to Georgia-based developers Abernathy and Timberlake and from additional money provided by the city.  In Alabama, CDAs are exempt from bid laws, meaning contracts can go to whichever company the board chooses. Oxford’s CDA board and its actions have multiple connections to Smith’s political fundraising:

  • At least three board members or their employers have contributed to his political campaigns.
  • Taylor Corp., under the ownership of Tommy Taylor, has received thousands of dollars in city contracts for non-CDA work. Taylor donated $1,000 to Smith in 2004 and $1,000 in 2008.
  • Abernathy and Timberlake donated $1,000 to Smith’s re-election campaign in 2004.

Montgomery-based Goodwyn, Mills and Cawood donated $500 to Smith in 2004. The CDA gave the company engineering contracts for the exchange. Denney said the CDA paid the company $45,000 for engineering work, part of which paid for a University of Alabama study on the American Indian site.

The Star has so far been unable to obtain a copy of the UA study, but a letter from the Alabama Historical Commission’s deputy state historic preservation officer indicated the university did not think the site was eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. The state Historic Preservation Commission did think the site was eligible for the National Register.  Denney said the report’s authors found little at the site.

Smith has said there is nothing wrong with the connections between himself and the CDA. He has described Taylor as a ‘good friend.’Attempts to reach representatives for Taylor Corp. and Abernathy and Timberlake on June 29 were unsuccessful.  The Birmingham office of Goodwyn, Mills and Cawood declined comment.

CDA members contacted by The Star declined comment, referring questions to board chairman Dwight Rice. Attempts to reach Rice on June 29 also were unsuccessful.  Chervis Isom, a Birmingham attorney representing Abernathy and Timberlake, said the company isn’t involved with the hill or the fill dirt.

‘If the dirt were contaminated in some way we’d certainly have an interest in that,’ Isom said. ‘Where the CDA got the dirt I’m not sure. We don’t have any control over that.’  He said he does not think there is any problem with the dirt.  Denney said workers will remove about one-third of the hill and cover it with grass. The city eventually will develop commercial business on what remains of the hill, he said.

A September 2008 proposal by Taylor Corp. describes the demolition in vague terms.  ‘This item includes undercutting two building pad footprints …’ the report reads. ‘The City has agreed to let us spoil the undercut material on their property across the new bridge.’ Denney said the line in the proposal refers to the hill.

‘The agreement was we’d furnish the soil,’ Denney said. ‘The city would furnish them a place to get it.  ‘The City Council transferred the property containing the hill to the CDA in February. Councilwoman June Land Reaves, who voted against the transfer, said she did not understand the hill property was a part of it.  ‘I never heard any discussion about dirt being taken from the hillside or a reason why that was being done, but it seems to me like a lot of cities capitalize on the history they have … but [we do not seem] to do that,’ she said.  Council President Chris Spurlin said it’s too late for the City Council to intervene at the site.  He said he hated the bad publicity, but said there is no proof the site holds human remains.

‘The CDA has the authority,’ Spurlin said. ‘They’re trying to do what’s best for the city. I don’t see no reason in buying fill dirt from someone when we have that hill available.’


About carlos

I'm a curious person, of reasonable intellect, "on the beach" (retired) and enjoying my interest in anthropology, language, civil rights, and a few other areas. I've been a hippie/student/aerospace tech writer in the '60s, a witness to the Portuguese revolution in the ‘70s, a defense test engineer and witness to the Guatemalan genocide in the '80s, and a network engineer for an ISP in the '90s. Now I’m a student and commentator until my time is up. I've spent time under the spell of the Mesoamerican pyramids and the sweet sound of the Portuguese language. I've lived in Europe, traveled in Brazil, Central America, Iceland, New Zealand, and other places. My preferred mode of travel is with a backpack and I eat (almost) anything local. Somehow, many of the countries I have been to have had civil unrest (for which I was not responsible). I'm open to correspond with anyone who might share my liberal, humanist interests. I live in San Buenaventura, California.
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